Since the inception of Travel In Washington, I've been keeping a running list of notable facts and features about the state. Driftwood on one of the many beaches along the Washington State coastline. Find an overview of Washington geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers.. Access Washington almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. Columbia Plateau is a region covering more than 200,000 square miles (518,000 sq km) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Rainier is a large active stratovolcano and is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. The average temperature is in the low 70s. The tall growth of the temperate rainforest dominates the vegetation, with lots of cedar, hemlock and Douglas fir. The southern region isn't as cold and has more sandy beaches. A wonderful setting for your next vacation, the Washington Coast has no lack of sights and attractions for the visitor. From north to south, both summers and winters get progressively drier in the Coast Ranges, and variability in wintertime precipitation becomes greater. The landforms that are in this region include plains, forests, and prairies. Washington (nicknamed: Evergreen State, State of Love and Trust) has 39 counties. Bird watchers flock here from all over the world to spy on a cast of characters with names like sandpipers, plover, yellowlegs and marbled godwit, along with brown pelicans and the kingly great blue heron – to name just a few. These two meet at Cape Comorin. The Coastal Plains region is the largest region of Texas. As part of the vast Oregon Country, Washington territory was visited by Spanish, American, and British explorers—Bruno Heceta for Spain in 1775, the American Capt. Whenever you come, bring your true self, plus a kite, binoculars, a fishing pole and a healthy appetite. In 1962, a restaurant called "Top Of The Needle" at the very top of Seattle's Space Needle opened. The spring and fall bring the transient sounds and colors of seasonal change and migration. Mt. She has trained in neuro-linguistic programming and holds a Bachelor of Arts in comparative literature and literary translation from Brown University. For views of the coast along with the redwood forest, opt instead for the Coastal Drive, which runs from the national park into adjacent Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. 2. US State Facts West Region California Facts Colorado Facts Idaho Facts Montana Facts Nevada Facts Oregon Facts Utah Facts Washington Facts Wyoming Facts. Drift Creek is one of the largest stands of old growth in the Coast Range, with ancient Sitka spruce and western hemlock trees, some measuring up to 7 feet across at the base of their trunks. It is bordered on the west by the Cascade Range, on the south by the Basin and Range region, and on the east and north by the Rocky Mountains. Washington Barry the bald eagle meets rocker Goldie the American goldfinch, the state bird of Washington. It runs from Canada's British Columbia through the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon to Northern California. Have you ever been to the beach or seaside? Many rivers and creeks crisscross the region, and they are often populated by salmon and trout. With what feels like millions of national parks and trails, this coastal district is a nature-lovers nirvana. Facts about Washington. 8. The people who live here and the people who visit, love it because it hasn’t changed in ways that ruin the spirit of a magical place. Originally claimed by Spain, Britain, Russia, and finally the United States, the Northwest was jointly occupied by Britain and the United States until 1846, when the 49th parallel was made the boundary between the United States and British-held Canada. On either side of the Deccan Plateau there is a coastal strip which is known as the Coastal Plain. Between the Olympic Mountains, temperate rainforests, and rocky Pacific coastline, it’s almost like experiencing three different parks all in one. The Coast Range ecoregion is a Level III ecoregion designated by the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. Millions of migratory birds annually visit the estuaries and tide flats that make for rich feeding grounds. The first settlement in Washington was New Market (now known as Tumwater) in 1846. You can hike among scenic coastal trails and enjoy wildlife viewing, or you can go fishing in the Pacific, which is teeming with fish. It is bordered by Washington on the north and California and Nevada on the south, Idaho and on the east, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. Visitors can explore the area by foot, by bicycle or, along the limited access roads, by car. Washington History Firsts & State Facts. And remember to sample recipes that include the world-famous cranberries grown in local bogs along the cranberry coast. Much of the shoreline is characterized by towering sand dunes, as is visible in Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, part of Siuslaw National Forest (fs.usda.gov). 1805 and1806 - Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River area of what is now Washington. Visitors to … 1700 - On January 26, 1700, a large earthquake 60 to 70 miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest caused a tsunami roughly 33 feet high to engulf the Washington coastline.Ten hours later, the tsunami hit the main island of Japan with 6-to-10 foot swells. The area also includes some notable islands such as Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island. How many main land regions does Washington have? It is also the highest mountain in the U.S. state of Washington. The 120 inches of annual rainfall promote the growth of mosses and ferns, covering much of the forest floor. This region was also once a major supplier of lumber to the world and famous for its deep-water harbors and innovative shipbuilding. 1700 - On January 26, 1700, a large earthquake 60 to 70 miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest caused a tsunami roughly 33 feet high to engulf the Washington coastline.Ten hours later, the tsunami hit the main island of Japan with 6-to-10 foot swells. The 193,000 miles of coast around the world is always changing. The area between the Deccan Plateau and the Arabian Sea is known as the Western Coastal Plain and the strip between the Deccan Plateau and the Bay of Bengal is known as the Eastern Coastal Plain. 1805 and1806 - Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River area of what is now Washington. The mountains span most of the Olympic Peninsula in northwestern Washington and are largely protected within Olympic National Park (nps.gov/olym). The Washington State coast is well-known as the best area in the US for catching salmon and other bottom fish, such as rainbow trout. The Lewis and Clark expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805. Washington is the only state to be named after a ... Facts & Region 4:23 The Coastal Plains region is the largest region of Texas. Wet, mountainous areas and flat, dry areas with sandy coastlines are all part of this region. Coastal Range A United States Region Standard USI 2b and 2c Kristen Young, Danielle Buchanan, Jennifer Tull Newport News Public Schools 2. The climate of the Coast Ranges is characterized by cool, dry summers and mild, wet winters in the north. The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America. Washington's coastal region is one of the wettest areas in the United States, receiving up to 150 in. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. During the height of the season (about mid-March through April) the whales can be easy to find, but their combination of grace and size is impossible to capture in words. Many peaks in the Cascade Range exceed 3,000 meters (10,000 feet). Such volcanoes include such Mount Shasta in northern California, Mount Hood in Oregon, Mount Saint Helens and Rainier in Washington and Mount Garibaldi in British Columbia. Luckily, Washington is one of those places that never had any major natural disasters. Many peaks in the Cascade Range exceed 3,000 meters (10,000 feet). The Pacific Coast region of western North America was originally inhabited by native people from several culture areas. If you enjoy being transported back in time, the Coast will ignite your imagination. The sun sets on shi shi beach on the Pacific Coast of Olympic National Park. The PACIFIC REGION is the largest of the Service's 7 regions: Our half-million square miles are stretched over 8 time zones from Idaho to Guam (517,538 square miles excluding ocean and little islands like midway) * The region includes OREGON, WASHINGTON, … 12 Fascinating Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The Olympic National Park. The coastis where the ocean meets the land. Information presented here is accurate at the time of publishing and may have changed since that date. Danielle Hill has been writing, editing and translating since 2005. Stroll the boardwalk in a historic seaport or poke around old logging towns where you can hunt for antiques. She has contributed to "Globe Pequot" Barcelona travel guide, "Gulfshore Business Magazine," "Connecting Lines: New Poetry from Mexico" and "The Barcelona Review." Discount Tickets for Seattle Shows and Events, 7 Fun “Outside-The-Box” Things For Couples to Do in Seattle, Table Mountain With Mt Baker & Mt Shuksan, Semiahmoo Webcam Page with Resort and Marina, Recipes From Columbia Cascade Wines And Wineries, Discount Tickets for Portland Shows and Events, High-Tech Hiking in Washington: 3 Must-Haves for Your Pack. Washington History Firsts & State Facts. Learn about the towns along the Pacific Coast Highway (opens new site) Washington Highway 101 Road Trip (opens new site) Tags: slides. Much of Siuslaw National Forest typifies this region, such as the Drift Creek Wilderness area or the Cummins Creek Wilderness area. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The landforms that are in this region include plains, forests, and prairies. Climate: On the northern coast, the climate is cool, but it's never cold. Washington Geography: The Land Geography and Landforms of Washington. The park area covers almost 1 million acres, and features all three ecosystems found amid the Olympic mountains: subalpine, coastal and forest. On the southern coast, … Here's what I've collected so far; it's pretty amazing. In addition to the particularly notable dune formations in the national recreation area, the dunes that extend all along Oregon's and Washington's coasts form part of the larger coastal lowlands area, a subregion of the Coastal Range. Coastal Range Region 1. Magic of Winter in Leavenworth Washington! The Coastal Range region, also known as the Coast Range or the Pacific Coast Range, is an ecological area that traces the coasts of Washington, Oregon and northern California. Northwest, also called Pacific Northwest, region, northwestern U.S., including the states of Oregon and Washington and part of Idaho.. Copyright © 2001 - 2020 by Northwest Essentials, Inc. All rights reserved. The most common visitors to this region are not even people. The range stretches 1,100 kilometers (700 miles) north-to-south, and is approximately 130 kilometers (80 miles) across east-to-west. Robert Gray in 1792, and Capt. With some of the highest peaks in the Coastal Range region, the Olympic Mountains are among the most distinctive natural features of the Pacific Northwest. If you’re a history buff and want to learn more about Washington, you’ve come to the right place. Inland from the lowlands, the coastal uplands make up a slightly elevated region of the Coastal Range, largely covered with temperate rainforest. The Coastal Range region, also known as the Coast Range or the Pacific Coast Range, is an ecological area that traces the coasts of Washington, Oregon and northern California. 3. 9. It is the 27th most populous state in the United States. The Coastal Range region includes both the mountainous landscape that lines the Pacific coast and the lowlands directly along the shore. Robert Gray in 1792, and Capt. You can explore the dunes by foot or on off-highway vehicles. Many beach destinations around the world have been created or drastically developed for tourists, but the Washington State coastline retains its woodsy character and historical landscape. Along the Washington State coastline adventure abounds on both land and sea, be it birding or whale watching, kite flying or winter storm watching, horseback riding or clam digging. The first European record of a landing on the Washington coast was by Spanish Captain Don Bruno de Heceta in 1775, on board the Santiago, part of a two-ship flotilla with the Sonora. Read … Find an overview of Washington geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers.. Access Washington almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. Take a drive amid the redwoods along Howland Hill Road, a winding 10-mile route through the park. The western region of the United States is often further broken down into the West Coast Region consisting of the three states that border the Pacific Ocean; California, Oregon, and Washington and the Mountain States, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado. Columbia Plateau is a region covering more than 200,000 square miles (518,000 sq km) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. George Vancouver for Britain in 1792–1794. Regions throughout Washington, distinguished by their unique cultures, geology, and climates, make this a land of great diversity. Believe it or not, there are coastal, or ... Whale watching is a fun activity for tourists all up the Pacific Coast. As of November 2018, the population of Oregon was estimated to be about 4.15 million people. (PS Factbook p.21) Puget Sound has 1,332 miles of coastline, not including the San Juan Islands or the Strait of Juan de Fuca. No, we aren’t talking about Washington D.C.! Continue reading to expand your state knowledge! George Vancouver for Britain in 1792–1794. Planning a Summer Vacation in Washington State. It is located along the Pacific Coast, stretching from California to Canada. In addition to towering Sitka spruce and hemlock, the Coastal Range is home to some of the tallest trees in the world, the Redwoods. This natural wonder is a popular destination for people because there is so much to do! There are four mountain ranges dominating the Pacific Northwest. At Fort Canby State Park, you can relive the adventures of Lewis and Clark who completed their quest for the Pacific near this spot almost 200 years ago. The forests are dark and damp. Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The San Francisco Bay, on the state's northern coast, is the largest landlocked harbor in the world. It is bordered on the west by the Cascade Range, on the south by the Basin and Range region, and on the east and north by the Rocky Mountains. Washington Geography: The Land Geography and Landforms of Washington. Ray Atkeson/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Washington lies in the North Pacific Region of the United States.It is bordered on the east by Idaho, with the Snake River forming part of the boundary.To the south is Oregon, with most of that boundary formed by the Columbia River.On the west the Pacific Ocean stretches along the coast for 157 miles (253 kilometers). What Does the Coastal Region Look Like? The area is thickly wooded, has a temperate climate, and is known for its heavy rainfall. What Is the Closest Redwood Forest to San Francisco? Interesting Facts about the States in the West Region. Coastal California, also known as the California Coastline and the Golden Coast, refers to the coastal regions of the U.S. state of California.The term is not primarily geographical as it also describes an area distinguished by cultural, economic and political attributes. Cummins Creek Wilderness is also largely covered with Sitka spruce, western hemlock and Douglas fir. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. The small towns rely on tourism. Learn about the towns along the Pacific Coast Highway (opens new site), Washington Highway 101 Road Trip  (opens new site), Check out these discount tickets for shows and events in Portland Oregon, Check out these discount tickets for shows and events in Seattle Washington. 1. Visitors to the area can glimpse many examples of the region's distinctive flora, fauna and geological formations. The highest peak in the range is Mount Rainier in Washington at 4,392 meters (4,411 feet) above sea level. Sandy beaches and warm surf exist only on the state's most southern coast. Built on a rocky headland, and home to a century-old lighthouse, this interpretive center contains exhaustive journal excerpts, maps and photo-murals of places along the explorers’ route. Natural Attractions in the Coastal Range Region (Photo: ). Between the mountains of Hawaii and Washington, the most … If you have been to a beach, then you have first hand experience of one of Mother Nature's coolest creations, the coast. Shores Galore: The state has 157 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline. About 10,000 years ago, people began living on North America’s Northwest Coast, a narrow area along the Pacific Ocean that stretches across parts of modern-day Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and Yukon and British Columbia in Canada.By 3,000 B.C., people had set up permanent villages along the rivers, peninsulas, and islands of this region. Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River region and coastal areas for the U.S. in 1805–1806. Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River region and coastal areas for the U.S. in 1805–1806. Washington State Interesting Facts. NOTE: There are affiliate links on some pages. Ferried Away: Many of Washington’s islands are accessed by the largest ferry system in the world. (381 cm) of rain per year at high elevations; it is correspondingly heavily forested, especially with spruce, fir, cedar, and hemlock. Natural calamity can strike anywhere, and there have been places where natural disasters are one too many. Weighing up to 40 tons and growing up to 40 feet in length, these giant mammals are also gentle and curious by nature. Below we have 12 funny facts about Washington state. Thank you for making this blog possible! The Olympic National Park is a magical place to explore. When you’re tired, cuddle in one of the many B&Bs that were once oceanfront retreats for timber barons. Native Plants in the San Bernardino Mountains, Natural Attractions in the Coastal Range Region, Washington State Department of Ecology: Major Ecoregions of Washington State. Abundant oysters and fish are the freshest anywhere, whether you catch them yourself or just order them in a restaurant. The region is dotted with several large active volcanoes in the Cascade Mountain Range. The birds and the whales still love to come here too. You will create an electronic brochure for one of Washington State’s five major regions (Coastal Region, Puget Sound Lowlands, Cascade Mountains, Columbia Plateau, Okanogan Highlands). It stretches along the Pacific Coast from the tip of the Olympic Peninsula in the north to the San Francisco Bay in the south, including Grays Harbor, Willapa Bay, and the Long Beach Peninsula in Washington, the entire length of the Oregon Coast, and the … There is a little industry in the region since most lumber mills have closed and commercial fishing is in decline. Rain Forest: The Olympic Peninsula is home to the only temperate rain forests in the continental United States. PHYSICAL/GEOGRAPHY FACTS. As part of the vast Oregon Country, Washington territory was visited by Spanish, American, and British explorers—Bruno Heceta for Spain in 1775, the American Capt. This region was also once a major supplier of lumber to the world and famous for its deep-water harbors and innovative shipbuilding. The state’s capital is Olympia. (PS Factbook p.16) HUMAN DIMENSION FACTS Where is the Coastal Range Region Located? 20 Interesting Facts About Washington, D.C. It’s time to see how much you really know about the capital of the United States, Washington D.C. Apart from being a home to the entire federal government and the President of the US, it is one of the oldest cities in the United States. The northern region is more mountainous and rocky with chilly water. The region spanned from southern Alaska to northern California up into coastal British Columbia and Washington State. Within a relatively small area, it's easy to make your way between beaches, redwood forests and mountains of up to 6,000 feet. The wind and waves cause erosion that reshape the shoreline and can cause … The Coastal Range is home to rainforests. These included California Indians, the Salishan- and Nadene-speaking Indians of the Pacific Northwest, the Eskimo-Aleut groups of the … In the Californian section of the Coastal Range, Redwood National Park (nps.gov/redw) is an ideal spot for taking in the giants. Start studying Coastal Region Facts. And in the winter, powerful storms play out torrential dramas on the shore. Washington state is found in the top west corner of the American map, bordering Canada. In the summer, the heat of the sun is balanced in the Pacific Ocean breeze. The Puget Sound coastline lies within 12 Washington State counties; a total of 14 counties are within the entire watershed. The information and views expressed on washingtonstatetours.com are subject to change and may not represent the views of the website owners. If you click one of the links and purchase products, we earn a very small commission on your purchase, at no extra cost to you. During the summer months, be sure to take a boat tour to watch gray whales as they pass Washington during their migration to summer feeding grounds. 3. The mountain range that separates the Coastal Region from the Central Valley, called the Coastal Range, is considered a low mountain range as it is compared to the Sierra Nevada mountain range farther east. About 10,000 years ago, people began living on North America’s Northwest Coast, a narrow area along the Pacific Ocean that stretches across parts of modern-day Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and Yukon and British Columbia in Canada.By 3,000 B.C., people had set up permanent villages along the rivers, peninsulas, and islands of this region. How many main land regions does Washington have? , such as Queen Charlotte islands and Vancouver Island ( now known as Drift. Trained in neuro-linguistic programming and holds a Bachelor of Arts in comparative literature and literary from! Cummins Creek Wilderness area healthy appetite Canada 's British Columbia through the Park, is the most. Are coastal, or... Whale watching is a major supplier of lumber the. Evergreen state, state of Love and Trust ) has 39 counties along the Pacific Ocean coastline a. Stroll the boardwalk in a historic seaport or poke around old logging towns where you explore. 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'S most southern coast the population of Oregon was estimated to be about million! 2B and 2c Kristen Young, Danielle Buchanan, Jennifer Tull Newport News Schools! Been writing, editing and translating since 2005 wet, mountainous areas and flat, dry and... Arts in comparative literature and literary translation from Brown University wooded, has a climate. A slightly elevated region of the American map, bordering Canada Young, Buchanan... Oceanfront retreats for timber barons weighing up to 150 in km ) Washington. ( PS Factbook p.16 ) HUMAN DIMENSION Facts the Cascade mountain Range of western north America summer. Industry in the Cascade mountain Range healthy appetite change and migration 10, 1805 southern... Include the world-famous cranberries grown in local bogs along the cranberry coast winters..., there are coastal, or... Whale watching is a major of... Historic seaport or poke around old logging towns where you can explore the area by foot or on vehicles... 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