Could there be other issues which should bee Physical captial includes tools, machines can be used over the years while human capital can produce output only it they have experience. Further Green Revolution became successful in irrigated areas whereas, in the rained belt the new technology couldn’t be properly implemented. Hence, farmers need more capital to purchase them. Labour is an abundant factor of production. For example, rice. (i) HYV seeds produce more output per hectare. Factors of Production. Question 6. They belong to either landless families or ____. The Green Revolution has two types of effects on Indian economy, namely (i) economic effect’s and (ii) sociological effects. Answer: Which capital is known as working capital? Explain the four requirements of the production of goods and services 2 See answers Golda Golda The four requirements of production of goods and services are land, labor, physical capital and human capital. Question 3. Answer: The huge collection of Questions and Answers for academic studies, CBSE school. Answer: Working capital can be changed or built in short period. (v)Production can be increased by using fertilizers.Example: In Palampur, the yield of wheat grown from the traditional varieties was 1300 kg per hectare. (i) Fixed Capital: It can be used in production over many years. The crops which are grown in the winter season i.e., November or December and harvested in summer i.e., April or May. It consists of 5 marks so please give the answer according to the marks. The essential inputs which are required for the production of goods and services are known as factors of production. Wide variation in the duration of employment was also seen, (any three). Answer: Question 5. How are traditional seeds different from HYV seeds? The small farmers grow the crops just to fulfil the needs of the family. (i) The farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh were the first to use modem farming methods in India. – Fill the following table based on the information on the crops grown in your region. The large farmers generally sell the surplus farm products and have good earnings. People migrate from one region to another: Question 1. This is done by combining the factors of production i.e., land, labour, physical Vital and human capital. Answer: The main aim of production is to … At present, what is the percentage of the people who are engaged in the rural areas in non-farming activities in India? (iv) Human Capital: The fourth requirement is the human capital. M.S. Describe any three sources of irrigation in Palampur. …. There is a primary health centre run by the government and one private dispensary where the sick are treated. (i) Cotton, All these topics are covered in our CBSE Class 9 Economics notes of Chapter 1, which are prepared by our subject experts. These are run by electric supply. For example, wheat. Compared to the traditional seeds, the HYV seeds promised to produce much greater amounts of grain on a single plant. thanks + follow = inbox, WHAT IS ECONOMICS???? It has two components. Explain. (b) Electricity came early to Palampur. Answer: Give two examples of the working capital. (ii) Fixed capital cannot be changed or built in short period of time. 1. They put most of their earnings or money in their bank accounts and get adequate interest on the same. Question 33. Answer: October-November and harvested mainly in March-April. Non-Farming Activities. While environmental resources like soil fertility and groundwater are built-up over many years. Answer: Question 45. The new technology is early maturing and makes multiple cropping possible. tanushka71 is waiting for your help. Cultivation of wheat and rice. So, this technique is mainly used to improve the status of agriculture. Answer: Question 3. Accessed April 9, 2020. Among the three factors of production, we found that labour is the most abundant factor of production. Answer: Question 8. Better transportation, availability of loan at low interest, availability of markets where goods can be sold are the best way to expand non-farming activities. State any two features of modem farming method. Question 24. How do large farmers utilise surplus farm products to arrange for the capital needed for farming? Question 11. Question 10. Farm labourers are generally illiterate and ignorant. Why is it important to use land very carefully? HYV seeds, however, needed plenty. So, it becomes necessary that we should use bio-compost and eco-friendly methods in place of using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. which are manufactured in industry. Farmer’s plough is an example of which factors of production? The utilized amounts of the various inputs determine the quantity of output according to the relationship called the production function. High Yielding Varieties (HYV). Answer: I am good Continuous use of groundwater for tubewell irrigation has reduced the water table below the ground. Answer: Most agricultural labourers are from low castes and the depressed classes. (2)(i) Labour is the important factor of production. The small farmers are put to great distress to repay the loan. MOTS Since Green Revolution introduced new machineries, it led to the replacement of labour, and further leading to unemployment and rural-urban migration. The productivity of other food grains has increased considerably. Answer: (i) Land: Land is the most important factor of production. They generally get the wages less than the minimum wages set by the government. As working capital for farming in the next season. Answer: What are the different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land? Which is the most important economic activity of the people of rural India? Necessary Conditions for Multiple Cropping: Adequate irrigation facilities should be available on land. Factors of Production; 2. Its major impact was to transform the system of irrigation in the village. CBSE Class 9 Economics - The Story of Village Palampur - Listening Comprehension. Why do people migrate? What are rabi crops? Production is the creation of value in a commodity, e.g., manufacturing of a car from steel. They are paid low wages, and lead a difficult life. Most of the villages are well connected with other neighboring villages or town through all weathered roads. The crops grown and the techniques used to grow crops. Human capital is necessary for best production Explain. Labour: The second requirement is labour. 3. . Pulses – 18 MT, Wheat – 86 MT. (ii) Sociological Effects: Expansion of Market: To increase non-farming activities, rural markets should be linked to urban markets. They have no permanent jobs. Question 21. The continuous use of groundwater from tubewell irrigation has reduced the water table. Question 7. (i)  Tools, machines, buildings etc. What is its consequence? Question 28. Suggest some measures to increase non-farming activities. Let us make an in-depth study of the meaning, definition, types and factors of production. (i) Cotton — Working capital, The Green Revolution in the late 1960s introduced the Indian farmer to cultivation of wheat and rice using High Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of seeds. Question 23. Name the main production activity of Palampur. Question 5. What are the factors of production? In traditional method, the farmers use cow-dung as natural fertilizer, which they do not need to buy while chemical fertilizers need more cash to buy from the market. The small and marginal farmers were deprived of enjoying the gains of new technology. After answering the question, you will receive 10 points. Question 46. There are four requirements for production of goods and services: Land, labour, physical capital and human capital. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practise them regularly. It is a place where goods and services can be sold. Give an example. Fixed capital. Human capital can be built only in the long run through education and training. Answer: Question 8. Question 5. Q18: What health facilities are available in Palampur village? (c) By mid-1970s, the entire area of 200 hectares was irrigated. Aim: The aim of production is to produce the goods and services that we want. (a) Personal Inequalities: Due to Green Revolution the income of rich farmers increased considerably whereas the poor farmers couldn’t reap any benefit. Subsistence farming. To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping. Explain the basic requirements for the production of goods and services. For example, for the production of cloth, cotton-machine, labour and technology is required. Mention any two non-farm activities. Question 27. (any two). Due to excess production the farmers have to go to the market for selling their surplus production. Large increase in agriculture production after 1967-68 due to the adoption of new agriculture strategy which implied a simultaneous use of better and modem agriculture inputs. (c) We have to see that the Modern Farming Methods are used scientifically in such a way that the natural resource base that the land provides is saved from further damage. Swaminathan and his team also contributed towards the success of Green Revolution in India. Question 4. Scientific reports indicate that the modem farming methods have overused the land. Answer: Question 14. They sell the crops and earn huge profit on them. By lending to small farmers who are in need of a loan. The production of wheat has increased from 8.8 million tones in 1965-66 to 184 million tons in 1991-92. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur. Question 39. Answer: The HYV seeds produce much greater amount of grains in comparison to the normal seeds. Answer: Give a few examples of fixed capital. Mention any four characteristics of an entrepreneur or human capital as a factor of production. Traditional seeds with low yield were used. What problems do farm labourers face in terms of unemployment? Among the three factors of production, we found that labour is the most abundant factor of production. Manufacturing activities are carried out mostly at home or in the fields with the help of family labour. Which is the best way to expand non-farm activities in a village? Write any three differences between land and capital. Question 3. Mention any four positive effects of it. It is of two types, i.e., fixed and working capital. Answer: Answer: Palampur has a primary health centre run by the government. The great increase in the production of food grains in our country during the last 40 years, due to use of high yielding variety (HYV) of seeds, and other inputs is known as the Green Revolution. Most of the Indian villages have primary schools, health centers etc. Answer: Question 35. Crop produced on a given piece of land during a single season. Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the main regions where Green Revolution was started. Question 11. Answer: Answer: Question 21. Tools, machines and buildings fall under ‘fixed capital’. Answer: Question 5. Why was the initial impact of Green Revolution limited to wheat and only to a few regions? "Economic Rent and the Value of Land." Answer: Question 26. "People and Frozen Ground." Describe the role of human capital in the production process. Land as a production factor also includes other natural resources like water, forests and minerals found in the earth’s crust. They have little courage to challenge the upper caste people. In which period is the cultivation of potato done? Mention the standard unit for measuring the area of land. Physical capital is the variety of inputs required at every stage during production. Accessed April 9, 2020. People have domesticated cows and buffaloes. It produces goods and services for self-consumption or to sell in the market. Farming in Palampur 1. Traditional seeds produce less output per hectare. Large farmers, village moneylender or the traders. Name the … They also use savings for lending to small farmers and other persons in the village. Question 11. Answer: The first requirement is land. For example, tools, generator, turbines, buildings, computers etc. Question 13. Land: The first requirement is land and other natural resources such as water, forests, and minerals. 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