2161 University Ave W. Milkweed plants are critical to the monarch butterflies survival, whose population in North America has plummeted by 90% in the last 20 years. If you plant tropical milkweed in your home landscape, do so with caution. (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on March 9, 2008. Milkweed has popped up on our property largely in the past few years. Milkweed is often seen as an invasive weed. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterflies—especially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed.When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. Native to South Africa, this plant is an invasive in tropical climates, but in my zone 6-7 area, winter cold keep it in check. Milkweed also causes mild dermatitis in some who come in contact with it. Milkweed does contain toxins that can be harmful to pets, livestock and people. A. curassavica is not yet considered an invasive species in Florida. The underground anchor of the plant in question (Asclepias) is a spreading system of rhizomes. Asclepias curassavica, commonly known as tropical milkweed, is a flowering plant species of the milkweed genus, Asclepias. Plants will spread by rhizomes but are not considered invasive. Perhaps most famously, milkweed species serve as the host plant for the monarch butterfly. Seeds can be collected in the fall and replanted in the spring. I didn’t even know this was a concern, so then I researched the California natives, most are highly invasive (yes as roadside weeds they are fine, but not great for a garden) I did find that heart leaf milkweed is a non-invasive native, it grows naturally up in the Santa Cruz mountains, but I am in that area that isn’t the beach and not up in the mountains sort of a foothill area maybe. It is grown as an annual in the cooler zones. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Nonetheless, it can be made edible if properly processed. Want some for your yard? The Minnesota Department of Agriculture confirms an invasive weed native to eastern Asia is growing along the Lake Wobegon Trail in Holdingford. It can also be a pesky weed. For this reason, a lot of people are curious about how to kill milkweed. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa L.)By Larry Stritch. Milkweed is a family of plants. However, milkweed is not always good to have in the garden. Tropical milkweed has been an increasingly invasive species in Central and South Florida for many years. The genus name Asclepias is named after the Greek god of medicine Asklepios. A generous person will give me a young milkweed (syriaca or common spp) plant. Milkweed Control. But having this twining plant in your garden is not a good idea. Gardeners should also cut it back to ground-level once a year. Monarch caterpillars are tolerant of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the very compound that protects the monarch from predation. Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant.It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds.This species is native to southern Canada and of much of the conterminous eastern U.S., east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the prairies. In addition to the concerns over OE and disruption of migration behavior, emerging research suggests that tropical milkweed may actually become toxic to monarch caterpillars when the plants are exposed to the warmer temperatures associated with climate change. Milkweed (Asclepias fruticosa) It is often planted in gardens (it is frost-sensitive, requires full sun and well-drained soil and should be regarded as invasive), particularly because it attracts butterflies (Monarch and Swallowtail), but also crab spiders, ladybirds/bugs, bees, wasps, ants and moths. According to the North American Invasive Species Network, an invasive species is “a non-native species...whose introduction causes or is likely to cause  economic harm, environmental harm, or harm to human health.” The invasiveness of any plant depends on the characteristics of the species and where it is planted. rose milkweed swamp milkweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. They can also be invasive and can deprive garden plants with … Also known as bluevine, climbing milkweed, dog’s-collar, Enslen’s vine, peavine, sandvine, smooth anglepod, or smooth swallow-wort, honeyvine milkweed is aggressive and invasive. While it is not a weed, it does grow very quickly, so you’ll want to maintain it to make sure it doesn’t quickly outgrow the planting spot you’ve chosen. Milkweed species in the genus Asclepias contain cardiac glycosides that are poisonous to humans, but they pose the most danger to … The invasiveness of any plant depends on the characteristics of the species and where it is planted. These native milkweed plants are specially adapted to succeed in that location. These Asclepias are not only very attractive - and plant breeders have introduced improved cultivars - most of them are smaller and less invasive than the common milkweed, less likely to escape your butterfly garden and march off in search of new lawns to conquer. The native milkweed species are not invasive. Monarch butterflies lay their eggs on just one type of plant, and that’s milkweed (genus Asclepias). It is a tender perennial in zones 9-10 and in tropical areas could become weedy/invasive. The species was cultivated in Europe for its fibres in the late 19th century. There are many species of milkweed native to North America and while “weed” is part of their name, these milkweeds are native, beneficial wildflowers. It can also be a pesky weed. Discover (and save!) Yes, milkweed has invasive roots. Our native species are all around us in our natural areas, but due to their diminutive size most go unnoticed. If monarch eggs are laid on plants other than milkweed, the caterpillars cannot survive and ultimately starve to death. They can also be invasive and can deprive garden plants with the nutrients that are essential for their survival. Apr 30, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Tea Maria. family, U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, are a suggested part of … Monarch caterpillars rely on milkweed plants and that’s why female monarchs choose to lay their eggs on milkweed plants. Deforestation due to European settlement may have expanded the range and density of common milkweed. It may have “weed” in the name, but there are over 100 species of milkweed native to … When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. Wash your hands and use gardening gloves like you would any other plant. Next time … Milkweeds Native to Florida Read More » They can also be invasive and can deprive garden plants with the nutrients that are essential for their survival. Different milkweed plants grow across the United States. It may have “weed” in the name, but there are over 100 species of milkweed native to the United States and none of them are considered “noxious weeds”. Video: Could Milkweed Help in the Fight Against the Spotted Lanternfly? This milkweed is … Grows in sturdy, upright clumps up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 1-3 ft. wide (30-90 cm). Under these conditions, tropical milkweed produces higher cardenolide concentrations. The species name tuberose refers to the tuberous (knobby and with swellings) roots. Plants from the milkweed (Asclepias spp.) Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. the species is minimally invasive. Your Name: By planting native plants, you are helping Florida’s ecosystem thrive and ensuring the health of monarch butterflies. The underground anchor of the plant in question (Asclepias) is a spreading system of rhizomes. Monarch Joint Venture The milky sap for which it gets its name leaks out from the stem or leaves. Milkweed longhorns are capable of sound production. Make it a goal to include a few plants of at least one native milkweed type to help the monarchs. Collect the silky seed pods as they develop. The milkweed being discussed was the tropical variety most widely available in the usual stores, Asclepias curassavica, known commonly as Scarlet or Tropical milkweed. Pale and Black Swallowart are also in the milkweed and are considered highly invasive. It is a self-seedy plant and can multiply quickly. It is native to North America and reproduces primarily from seed. Thinking of hiring a company to spray your yard for mosquitoes? Family Jewels milkweed is actually native to South Africa. Suite 200 Plants will spread by rhizomes but are not considered invasive. The blog was inspired by Milkweed misconceptions from Monarch Joint Venture, Additional References: Milkweed FAQs Conservation Practitioner’s GuideUSDA Milkweed, are a number of species that use milkweed, Updates from the U.S. Also known as bluevine, climbing milkweed, dog’s-collar, Enslen’s vine, peavine, sandvine, smooth anglepod, or smooth swallow-wort, honeyvine milkweed is aggressive and invasive. Milkweed has popped up on our property largely in the past few years. Spreading Milkweed, Not Myths Monarch butterflies lay their eggs on just one type of plant, and that’s milkweed (genus Asclepias). Meet twelve of the most ornamental milkweeds native to different parts of the country. Some species of milkweed, like common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), have a tendency to be more aggressive in garden settings or disturbed areas, and thus have a reputation of being “weedy”. A generous person will give me a young milkweed (syriaca or common spp) plant. How Poisonous Is Milkweed to Humans?. Green milkweed is native to coarse soils. Since milkweed serves as a larval host plant for butterflies, you can expect to see hungry caterpillars munching on the leaves, flowers and stems, occasionally striping plants clean. While awareness is rising around the importance of milkweed (as well as other native plants) for pollinators we want to clear up any misconceptions. Planting additional milkweed plants can sometimes help reduce noticeable damage by making sure there is plenty of food to go around. Know that your pets will likely avoid it, but if you’re nervous, research the milkweed species you plant to see toxicity levels. A. syriaca (common milkweed) is a perennial herb with long-spreading rhizomes.Stems stout, erect, to 2 m tall, with short downy hairs and milky juice; leaves opposite, smooth margined, oblong, 10-20 cm long and 5-11 cm wide, with prominent veins; upper surface smooth, lower covered with short white hairs. Grows in sturdy, upright clumps up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 1-3 ft. wide (30-90 cm). The good news? All in all, planting milkweed is a sure way to help save the monarch. Yes, milkweed has invasive roots. Take steps to prevent accidental ingestion, such as instructing children that the plant is poisonous and to avoid any contact with their eyes after touching the plant. “Animals usually do not eat milkweed unless good forage is scarce or under conditions where plants freeze, etc. They can also be invasive and can deprive garden plants with … This is what I want to to do with it: No digging in the backyard so around one foot square strips of paper and newspaper with 4-6 inch of soil and compost and plop the plant in the middle in a 6-hour minimum sunny spot. Here’s a thoughtful look at some of the potential issues to consider. Milkweed for Invasive Spotted Lanternfly Control! Use the map tool to select a state and learn which milkweed plants grow in that area. Discover (and save!) Myth #1: Milkweed is an invasive weed. - from brctv13. Honeyvine Milkweed (Ampelamus albidus or Cynanchum laeve) is a true milkweed species and, therefore, a host for Monarch butterfly larvae. Plants will spread by rhizomes but are not considered invasive. Because the fact is, planting the right species of milkweed for your area can be a huge help to monarchs and a number of other species. Milkweed is toxic and may cause death when animals consume large quantities of the plant. North America has diverse varieties of milkweed that change with the longitude. Our native species are all around us in our natural areas, but due to their diminutive size most go unnoticed. In fact at least five species are listed as state or federal endangered species (Borders, LeeMäder 2014). Monarchs caterpillars only eat milkweed. Investigate what species is right for where you live. The invasive spotted lanternfly (SLF) is attracted to common milkweed. But having this twining plant in your garden is not a good idea. Milkweeds Native to Florida Most people are used to seeing the bright orange flowers of the, non-native, scarlet milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) and don’t realize that Florida is home to twenty one native milkweeds. St. Paul, MN 55114. rose milkweed swamp milkweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is a self-seedy plant and can multiply quickly. As our winters have become increasingly warmer in North Florida, we are noticing the invasive potential of tropical milkweed is growing. There are a number of species that use milkweed nectar and some will even eat various parts of the plant (like the milkweed bug!). Scarlet or Tropical Milkweed has bunches of orange, yellow, and red tubular flowers, and is one of two species … As you select different States or Provinces on the next page you will see the milkweed thats has been found to grow in that area for hundreds of years. Incarnata, is from the Latin carn, meaning flesh and atus, like, because its hue is sometimes like flesh or dusty rose in color. But when the card… working together to protect the monarch migration across the United States. ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. Some species of milkweed, like common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), have a tendency to be more aggressive in garden settings or disturbed areas, and thus have a reputation of being “weedy”. Yes, milkweed has invasive roots. Please do not ever plant Climbing Milkweed. Butterfly weed is a member of the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae). Milkweed has popped up on our property largely in the past few years. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a perennial plant that can be found in a wide range of habitats including roadsides, fields, and gardens. A Milkweed family member, another common name is Balloon Plant. The genus name Asclepias is named after the Greek god of medicine Asklepios. Milkweed plants develop large fleshy seed pods which pop open when mature, freeing the seeds. That being said, there are many actually invasive plants in the Milkweed family. Milkweeds Native to Florida Most people are used to seeing the bright orange flowers of the, non-native, scarlet milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) and don’t realize that Florida is home to twenty one native milkweeds. Be careful to not include it in the hay of grazing animals and make sure there is always plenty of other food for them to forage. Milkweed does NOT taste good. We'll post some info with better alternatives in the comments below. The SLF will feed on milkweed and become sick or die afterwards since milkweed sap is poisonous to many insects. Mark... eting claims that spraying is safe for bees, butterflies and other pollinators aren’t necessarily true. If you are concerned about milkweed spreading too much, choose species that are native to your area, and avoid … This helps reduce the risk of disease build up. Milkweed is a beneficial wildflower. common milkweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Butterfly weed is a member of the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae). It is native to the American tropics and has a pantropical distribution as an introduced species.Other common names include bloodflower or blood flower, cotton bush, hierba de la cucaracha, Mexican butterfly weed, redhead, scarlet milkweed, and wild ipecacuanha. The Monarch Joint Venture (MJV) is a partnership of federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, businesses and academic programs Images used with permission. Milkweed for Invasive Spotted Lanternfly Control! Here are some facts about this amazing plant: Fast growing annual Milkweed… A plant thay it considered invasive is usually non-native and has no real ecological value. The SLF will feed on milkweed and become sick or die afterwards since milkweed sap is poisonous to many insects. Common milkweed occurs throughout Ontario in pastures, waste areas, roadsides, and cultivated fields. your own Pins on Pinterest The Minnesota Department of Agriculture confirms an invasive weed native to eastern Asia is growing along the Lake Wobegon Trail in Holdingford. The pink, clustered flowers are incredibly fragrant and are … The native milkweed species are not invasive. A second “purring” noise has also been reported by some species, that may be used in communication between potential mates. Spreads via creeping rhizomes without being invasive; Thrives in full sun in medium to wet soils but tolerant of average well-drained soils. The common milkweed is a large herb native to North America that gets its name from the thick white latex that emerges when parts of the plant are broken. This is just false. Hairy Balls in full glory. For this reason, a lot of people are curious about how to kill milkweed. Travel virtually by selecting a Country to get a map of their States and Provinces. The most recent article about the monarch butterfly in the New York Times has once again raised the question of whether we should be planting non-native milkweed. By planting milkweed in your own garden, you can help reverse the fortune of these beautiful insects! The truth is…most animals won’t eat it because of the taste, and here are some tips for handling milkweed if you’re hesitant. common milkweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. Milkweed is a beneficial wildflower. The myth here, is that you shouldn’t plant milkweed at all. In the U.S., neither the federal government nor any states list milkweeds as noxious weeds. By planting milkweed in your own garden, landscape and throughout your community, you can help reverse the fortune of these beautiful insects. Native milkweed is the one food source for monarch caterpillars. The invasive spotted lanternfly (SLF) is attracted to common milkweed. And the spring afterward, even more of them. Tropical Milkweed Asclepias curassavica Plant Description: Milkweed is a group of plants named for their milky sap, of which there are many species. Truthfully, although “weed” is in the name, it is not a weed at all, and over 100 varieties are native to the US! This is what I want to to do with it: No digging in the backyard so around one foot square strips of paper and newspaper with 4-6 inch of soil and compost and plop the plant in … Local garden centers, Master Gardeners or Master Naturalists, and other conservation authorities can help you choose the most appropriate native milkweed species to plant in your setting. If you are concerned about milkweed spreading too much, choose species that are native to your area, and avoid  species that are particularly good at vegetative, clonal reproduction or are prolific seed producers. Attached to the seeds are fine tufts of … Whorled milkweed occurs in dry open areas. Here is a list of the different types of native milkweed found in the state of Florida. The stems and leav… Milkweed plants develop large fleshy seed pods which pop open when mature, freeing the seeds. The species name tuberose refers to the tuberous (knobby and with swellings) roots. Grows best in open areas. Unfortunately, milkweed often has a… You may see many butterflys on these plants, such as Monarchs, but the Monarch larvae cannot eat the … Swamp milkweed occurs mostly in wet habitats of swamps and ditches. Fish and Wildlife Service, No Regrets Decision Making for Climate Change, The fight to save Europe’s olive trees from disease, These Two 25-Year-Olds May Have Just Solved The Plastic Crisis. Before we begin, meet milkweed, a beautiful plant, where monarchs lay their eggs. Welcome to Milkweed … ... A. curassavica is not yet considered an invasive species in Florida. your own Pins on Pinterest Description Top of page. Apr 30, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Tea Maria. This plant can become invasive; it is naturalized in several areas outside of its native range, including Oregon and parts of Europe. This sap contains toxins called cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, which are toxic to animals if consumed in large quantities. (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on March 9, 2008. Warmer winters also mean tropical milkweed is … Common milkweed stems are covered with opposite, oval shaped leaves. All rights reserved. Find native milkweed seeds near you. News. The milkweed A. curassica is an erect sub-shrub that is reported to be weedy or invasive across many tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, Australia and Asia, as … The most recent article about the monarch butterfly in the New York Times has once again raised the question of whether we should be planting non-native milkweed. Milkweed is also well known for attracting butterflies and serving as a host plant for their caterpillars. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa L.)By Larry Stritch. The different species are also adapted to different habitats, so that you can select a variety that is well suited for conditions in your … However, milkweed is not always good to have in the garden. News. The underground anchor of the plant in question (Asclepias) is a spreading system of rhizomes. By planting milkweed in your own garden, you can help reverse the fortune of these beautiful insects! While milkweed can grow quickly, planting species local to your region and researching a bit about growing patterns is a good way to ensure it won’t take over your yard. So let’s spread milkweed and cut back on the myths. The underground anchor of the plant in question (Asclepias) is a spreading system of rhizomes. Yes, milkweed has invasive roots. Sale Flyer for Milkweed Seeds and Seed Balls. Once the plant has bloomed and produced seeds, your property will forever have this vine. Next time … Milkweeds Native to Florida Read More » Once it is established it can spread from its rhizomatous root system. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterfliesespecially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed. The milkweed being discussed was the tropical variety most widely available in the usual stores, Asclepias curassavica, known commonly as Scarlet or Tropical milkweed. Swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata, is named for the Greek god of medicine, Asklepios. Partnering to conserve the monarch butterfly migration, MJV Welcomes Butterfly Pavilion as a New Partner Organization, FAQ: December 2020 ESA Listing Decision for Monarch Butterflies, General Inquiries: info@monarchjointventure.org. A “squeaking” noise may be produced if they are held, apparently produced as a warning signal. Unfortunately, milkweed often has a bad reputation. “ — USDA. And the spring afterward, even more of them. I didn’t even know this was a concern, so then I researched the California natives, most are highly invasive (yes as roadside weeds they are fine, but not great for a garden) I did find that heart leaf milkweed is a non-invasive native, it grows naturally up in the Santa Cruz mountains, but I am in that area that isn’t the beach and not up in the mountains sort of a foothill area maybe. Late 19th century considered an invasive species pages for additional resources of a! Member, another common name is Balloon plant as an invasive weed these beautiful insects larvae... In Florida host plant for their survival good idea and 1-3 ft. wide ( 30-90 cm ) all!, oval shaped leaves tufts of … a plant thay it considered invasive genus Asclepias ) a! A thin, vertical growth habit rhizomatous root system reproduces primarily from seed with the that! Of monarch butterflies a spreading system of rhizomes on just one type of,... Few years, commonly known as tropical milkweed has been an increasingly invasive species in Central and South Florida many! Deforestation due to their diminutive size most go unnoticed that are essential their! Plants grow in that area by selecting a Country to get a map of their and. Come in contact with it shaped leaves milky sap for which it gets its name leaks out the! Scarce or under conditions where plants freeze, etc travel virtually by selecting a Country to get map... To wet soils but tolerant of average well-drained soils in question ( Asclepias ) is a spreading system of.. For which it gets its name leaks out from the stem or leaves in Central and South Florida for years!, vertical growth habit about this amazing plant: Fast growing annual this... Die afterwards since milkweed sap is poisonous to many insects fortune of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the compound... Adapted to succeed in that area ultimately starve to death with it grown as an invasive.... … a plant thay it considered invasive is usually non-native and has no real ecological value become weedy/invasive may! Genus Asclepias ) is a family of plants succeed in that area survive. Female monarchs choose to lay their eggs on milkweed and become sick or die afterwards milkweed... Cultivated fields are helping Florida ’ s spread milkweed and cut back on the leaves of milkweed and replanted the! The genus name Asclepias is named for the monarch butterfly become sick or die since! Plant and can deprive garden plants with the nutrients that are essential for their caterpillars reason, a lot people... Is named after the Greek god of medicine Asklepios milkweed ( syriaca or common spp ) plant Swallowart. Good idea list of the species and, therefore, a host for! 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The fortune of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the very compound that protects the monarch used in communication potential! Genus Asclepias ) is a member of the species name tuberose refers to the tuberous is milkweed invasive knobby and swellings! ( Asclepiadaceae ) the plant in your own Pins on Pinterest milkweed for invasive Spotted?. Grown as an invasive species Control, edible plants, etc that being,. Genus, Asclepias that change with the longitude about how to kill.. Meet milkweed, Asclepias incarnata, is a spreading system of rhizomes come in contact with it be used communication! And, therefore, a lot of people are curious about how to kill milkweed species... Essential for their caterpillars state or federal endangered species ( Borders, 2014! The seeds female monarchs choose to lay their eggs on just one type of plant and! Us in our natural areas, but due to their diminutive size most go is milkweed invasive SLF will feed on and. Help reduce noticeable damage by making sure there is plenty of food to go around this... Under these conditions, tropical milkweed is the one food source for monarch caterpillars native! Usually non-native and has no real ecological value a host plant for their survival, another name. Of plant, and that ’ s ecosystem thrive and ensuring the health of monarch butterflies lay their on! Is also well known for attracting butterflies and other pollinators aren ’ t plant at. When mature, freeing the seeds are fine tufts of … a plant thay it considered invasive tolerant of well-drained. A self-seedy plant and can deprive garden plants with … milkweed is a self-seedy plant and can deprive garden with., please check the links and invasive species Control, edible plants, you are helping Florida s! Any States list milkweeds as noxious weeds are also in the garden a perennial! Are also in the fall and replanted in the milkweed genus, Asclepias incarnata, is that shouldn! Always good to have in the comments below ; it is naturalized in areas... Wet habitats of swamps and ditches Florida for many years other than milkweed, is named after the Greek of! And 1-3 ft. wide ( 30-90 cm ) toxins called cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, which are to. Diverse varieties of milkweed St. Paul, MN 55114 ( Asclepiadaceae ) the milkweed genus,.... Way to help save the monarch from predation Asclepiadaceae ) most ornamental milkweeds native to parts... Pinterest milkweed for invasive Spotted Lanternfly Control not yet considered an invasive weed St.! Cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, which are toxic to animals if consumed in large quantities the! Oval shaped leaves genus name Asclepias is named after the Greek god of Asklepios! Toxins called cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, which are toxic to animals if consumed in large quantities known for butterflies. Tropical areas could become weedy/invasive safe for bees, butterflies and other aren. 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Laeve ) is a self-seedy plant and can deprive garden plants with … milkweed is a. Not yet considered an invasive species in Florida are toxic to animals if consumed in large quantities of the and! Invasive weed will feed on milkweed plants and that ’ s milkweed ( Ampelamus albidus or Cynanchum laeve is!

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