Cenchrus echinatus Taxonomy ID: 173841 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid173841) current name Cenchrus echinatus burr4 (6923220592).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 376 KB. References Close Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health , USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service , USDA Forest Service , USDA Identification Technology Program , and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture The leaf blade is glabrous, sometimes pubescent, 4 to 26 cm long and 0.3 to 1.1 cm wide. It is considered an invasive weed and is widespread in tropical regions worldwide. 1993. Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur, spiny sandbur, southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. The grass has barbed burrs of 4–10 mm long. (previous page) Cenchrus echinatus base1 (7069298929).jpg 3,000 × 2,250; 1.47 MB. Gen. Pl. inadmiss. LT: Herb.Van Royen - 912.356-116. India (region not specified): seeds eaten. C. echinatus seedheads consist of spike-like clusters of anything up to 50 burs. Reference page. ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย (Common name , Thai) หญ้าบุ้ง ชื่อสามัญภาษาอังกฤษ (Common name) southern sandbur References: Klaubauf S, Tharreau D, Fournier E, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun M-H. 2014. Media in category "Cenchrus echinatus" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 204 total. & Schult. The Greek species name echinatus means armed with spines. This document is SS-AGR-364, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Planar sheath has fairly stiff hairs on the top of the notch with a ligule replaced by a crown of hairs. Each bur, 4–10 mm across, is a pale green to purplish ball of stout, broad, spiny bristles that are joined together at the base. Uses. Cenchrus echinatus Steud. In Australia it forms an invasive weed in coastal situations. Sandbur is an annual warm-season weed. [7] [8] IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. What Product Can I Use to Kill Sandburs & Not My Grass. Cenchrus ciliaris. The complete cpDNA of C. longispinus has a quadripartite structure which consists of LSC region of 80,223 bp, a SSC region of 12,449 bp and two inverted repeat regions of 22,236 bp (Table 1; Fig. (1969). field sandbur. More photos of Cenchrus echinatus in CalPhotos. Cenchrus echinatus: 2 Fascicles having more than 1 whorl of flattened inner bristles, these originating at irregular intervals throughout the body of the cupule, sometimes subtended by terete outer bristles. Hosts/substrates: on Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus echinatus, Echinochloa colona and Pennisetum spp. PDF | The present study aims to test the Acritopappus confertus (Gardner) R. M. King & H. Rob. Cenchrus echinatus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of … normalis Kuntze, Revis. The leaves occur with or without hairs and measure up to 12 mm wide. Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The name Cenchrus is from the Greek word for millet, cenchros. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. ex Döll Cenchrus echinatus Duss, 1897 Cenchrus echinatus Steud. Greek: for millet or Latin for a precious stone) Note: Cenchrus ciliaris L. is now treated as Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link. Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur,[1] spiny sandbur,[2] southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. References: p.1512 Wagner et al.- Flowering Plants of Hawaii p.76 Neal - In Gardens of Hawaii p.1/356 A.C.Smith - … Govaerts, R. et al. konpeito-gusa. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcq090 Full text PDF Reference page. Though it is often associated with dry, sandy soils, C. echinatus thrives in moist conditions where it is generally longer lived and can grow much larger. Cenchrus echinatus: Brief Summary Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur, spiny sandbur, southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. common sandbur. Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=18555, accessed on December 31, 2020. It is native to North and South America. Syntype of Cenchrus echinatus Roem. Arizona: abstract & image of field sandbur (Cenchrus incertus) (CEIN4) MS-Weed Control Guidelines for Mississippi (CEIN4) Nebraska Cooperative Extension (NebGuide): Sandbur control in Corn (CEIN4) North Dakota State Cooperative Extension: Weed Control in Lawns (CEIN4) Plants that Contanimate Wool and Mohair in Texas: image (CEIN4) It is native to North and South America. Rapid Reference; Live Plant Photos; vPlants (Chicago Flora) Cenchrus echinatus L. Poaceae View Full Size. Cenchrus lechleri ... (1971). [4], The species is invasive in New Caledonia.[5]. normalis : Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, var. Sandbur is an annual weed that produces seeds inside of a specialized floret known as a bur. Annotation: LT designated by Veldkamp in: Lectotype designated by: Jarvis, C. E., F. R. Barrie, D. M. Allan & J. L. Reveal. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Revised November 2018. 2013. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. This plant prefers full sun, and can reach 3 feet high. Seed germination starts when soil temperatures reach 52 F and peaks at 75 F (Boydston, 1989). Emergence can occur until late fall if soil moisture and temperatures are adequate when viable seeds are present. The bur protects and keep… Bosser, J. In Turning the tide: eradication of invasive species. Pukapuka: fieldspecimen, 2/2004, G.McCormack with ID as Cenchrus echinatus. (Cenchrus echinatus L.) in Hayfields1 Brent Sellers, Hunter Smith, and Jason Ferrell2 1. 1974. Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. Studies in … [3][4] It is native to North and South America. Cenchrus echinatus L. Details; Images (24) Synonyms (92) References (102) Homonyms (2) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (565) Chromosome Counts (2) Name Reference IPCN Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country !Cenchrus echinatus L. Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl. ... Cenchrus echinatus. Clout (eds) Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species. References; Notes; Search; Home > Cenchrus echinatus. burgrass. 1891, nom. Suggested method of management and control. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. General Information Kāmanomano is one of about twenty species in the small, mostly New World, Grass family (Poaceae) genus Cenchrus.. morisonii Kuntze; Cenchrus hillebrandianus Hitchc. Cenchrus-echinatus-2 Cenchrus echinatus. Scribn., Cenchrus echinatus var. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Cenchrus echinatus var. 2).A similar structure was also found in cpDNA of C. echinatus; however, the lengths of LSC, SSC, and IR regions are 80,220, 12,439, and 22,236 bp, … [3] [6] Its species are native to many countries in Asia , Africa , Australia , the Americas , and various oceanic islands. The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609. Cenchrus echinatus Torr. eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr. Reference: Stieber & Wipff 2003 FNANM 25:529--535 Unabridged Reference: Delisle 1963 Iowa State J Sci 37:259--351 Cenchrus echinatus . 2: 765. glabratus F.Br. Cenchrus echinatus L. Cenchrus echinatus Cav. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus echinatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Cenchrus echinatus is an annual grass that is a native of tropical America, but has now widely colonised tropical and temperate zones worldwide. Cenchrus echinatus. Cenchrus echinatus var. Veitch, M.N. Cenchrus-echinatus-seed-1 Cenchrus echinatus seeds. Southern sandbur (Cenchrus echinatus) is a clump-forming annual grass. Cenchrus insularis Scribn. Resolving the polyphyletic nature of Pyricularia (Pyriculariaceae). "University of Florida IFAS Extension Southern Sandspur (Southern Sandbur), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cenchrus_echinatus&oldid=995891387, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 12:54. Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) ... (2002) Eradication of Cenchrus echinatus at Layson Island. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. Proceedings of the Internation Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives. Cenchrus echinatus A.Rich. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Reviewed October 2015. Annals of Botany, 106(1): 107–130. ... References . Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. se mbulabula. Cenchrus-echinatus-seed-3 Cenchrus echinatus seeds. vao tui tui. Special Features and Information. In: C.R. Cenchrus echinatus is a semi-upright grass, consisting of small tufts of 25 to 80 cm high. Pp 110. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. var. Sandbur (Cenchrus spp.) (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). > 3: 5 Plants perennial, long-lived; fascicles not imbricate, usually glabrous; leaf blades 1-3.5 mm wide Cenchrus … [family POACEAE] Type of Cenchrus echinatus L. [family GRAMINEAE] References: Flint E., Rehkemper C. (2002) Control and eradication of the introduced grass, Cenchrus echinatus, at Laysan Island, Central Pacific Ocean. Warm-season, tufted, annual grass arising from a geniculate base; roots are fibrous, shallow, occasionally rooting at the nodes, from 7-1/2 to 40 inches tall; with loose spikes of spiny burs at maturity. The ligule is a fringe of hairs. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Results Plastome features of Cenchrus. Plants: Loosely tufted; culms branched, often abruptly bent near base; leaf sheaths open, flattened, glabrous, margins narrowly membranous, sometimes lined with a few long hairs; collar narrow, lighter in color; blades flat, sometimes folded, … Original publication date December 2012. Cenchrus echinatus can grow in a variety of conditions, and grows readily in tropical and temperate zones. glabratus F.Br. Though it is typically associated with dry, sandy habitats it can also grow in moist areas, where it may be long-lived and reach a much larger size. L. [ family GRAMINEAE ] Southern sandbur ( Cenchrus echinatus var hairs and up! To 1.1 cm wide 1 ): seeds eaten 80 cm high SS-AGR-364, one of series... 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