�����Q�SX*�%,�+�����=½�*a��FX+�'�/����G���c�&a�����ExRxJxZxF�*4 ۄ��a��K�-4{���s���‹�>a���p@xExU8(�&�.�!�)�%��G�w�������������'§�1��pB8)�>��N_ _�� The roots, leaves, flowers and fruits are used for multiple purposes such as nutrition agents, treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., beign herpes), cutaneous fungal infections, and viral infections particularly measles [4]. Evaluation of super-disintegrant potential of acid-modified starch derived from Borassus aethiopum (Aracaceae) shoot in paracetamol tablet formulations. The plant extract showed the presence of triterpenoids, saponins, tannins, phenols and alkaloids. The plant grows wild in Northern Nigeria where it is known as ‘giginya’ in Hausa ( Bokhari & Ahmed, 1978 , chap. Chemically prepared activated carbon derived from B. aethiopum flower has been found to be used as adsorbent [13]. The extract had an EC50 of 13.49 µg/ml DPPH scavenging activity, which is excellent when compared to the reference ascorbic acid of 140.00 µg/ml. A dose dependent reduction in edema was observed when the extract was compared with Diclofenac and Dexamethasone. Among many tribes of northern Ghana, the Borassus Palm Tree is believed to host bad spirits. Each of the holes was filled with 0.1 ml of different concentration of the plant extract. Seed volume, sphericity, weight, surface area, aspect ratio and compressive strength were determined at three different moisture contents of 41.72%, 26.11% and 18.39% (wb) respectively. Borassus sambiranensis Jum. The plant sample was given a voucher specimen number of DPHM/003/04/15. The reference drug, gentamicin 10 μg/ml was used as positive control. Borassus aethiopum is a popular palm tree Nigeria. Gram-negative bacteria are generally more resistant compared to the Gram-positive ones [28]. (Leaf And Rhizome) - Cynodon Dactylon (Aerial) 2015, 2:1. doi: 10.21767/2472-0151.10003. Common Name: African Fan Palm. The data obtained were expressed graphically as column graphs of concentration against the tannic acid equivalent (Total Phenol Content) using the Graph Pad Prism for Windows version 5 (Graph Pad software, San Diego, CA, USA). Results: The phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloid, tannins, saponins, steroids, carbohydrates triterpenoids and phenols. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, rônier palm (from the French). The sample size for the various groups was five. The result is … Inflammation is a manifestation of the body’s mechanism of defending itself against injury and the entry of foreign materials and micro-organisms which is characterized by swelling, pain, heat, loss of function, and redness of the dermis [1]. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. The remaining 17.30% of its antioxidant activity can be attributed to other secondary metabolites present in the extract. Results showed that the extract produced a dose dependent anti-inflammatory effect. Deionized extract of B. aethiopum shells have been reported to be used as a precursor for activated carbon preparation [14]. Table 1: Phytochemical constituents in the ethanol extract of Borassus aethiopum (EBA). (Arecaceae) collected in Central of Benin Republic. Borassus aethiopum is an unbranched palm growing up to 20 m tall, characterized by a crown up to 8 m wide; young palms are covered with dry leaf stalks, showing gradually fading leaf scars; trees over 25 years old have a swelling of the trunk at 12-15 m above the ground (at 2/3 of the Mineral content (per 100g dried sample) indicates the presence Mg (640mg), Ca (433.3mg), K (236.7mg), Mn (12.85mg), Zn (12.74) and Fe … The extracts were given to the chicks orally at 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg body weight. x��yxE�?ZU�O�L�,��d�}I2�L� IHHBB؃�H$��)TY#�,�"��BX��(� UB������M�ѳzN���N/ Agar diffusion method: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using the Agar Diffusion method. Borassus aethiopum is a popular palm tree Nigeria. The percentage inhibition of foot edema for each treatment was then calculated using the formula, AUC-Area under curve: Anti-oxidant studies. Assessment of the Anabolic Effect of Androgens of the Edible Portion of the Shoot of Giginya Plant (Borassus aethiopum mart) J. 6. iMedPub LTD Last revised : December 30, 2020, Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Research confirms that this plant’s compounds have anabolic properties that significantly increase protein synthesis while concomitantly reducing protein breakdown. 40, and FD&C Yellow No. Further, the methanolic seed coat of Borassus flabellifer has been shown to possess free radical scavenging action and its leaves have an effective anthelmintic activity against Indian adult earth worms [9,10]. 1988). Keywords: Borassus aethiopum, shoots, Haematology, Red Blood Cell, White Blood Cell. The young germinating shoot or hypocotyls known as Muruchi or Gazari, is usually harvested after 7 to 8 weeks of planting (Ahmed et al., 2010). However, at 0.008% w/v concentration of the extract, high zones of Inhibition were observed against E. coli and P. aeruginosa. Scientific evidence indicates this plant may possess anabolic and androgenic properties. The flowers are used to treat impetigo, whereas the roots are used for asthma treatment [3]. The Palmyra or Toddy Palm (Borassus flabellifer L.) Abstract. Pectin has been extracted from the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum [11]. This occurs during the first hour of injection of carrageenan, whereas the second phase is due to the release of lysosomes, prostaglandins and proteases, which occur after an hour [22]. Some engineering properties of Palmyra palm tree (Borassus aethiopum) germinating shoot. Container Size: 28 Serving Size: 1 Capsule Servings Per Container: 28 Amount Per Serving: Solid Proprietary Blend: (100mg) Borassus Aethiopum (Germinating Shoot) Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. f%s/��Y�������fޥ������1�$�%��|Üa~d~a~c.2q�b9Vde�ȚY+u���鬓u�n���� ��f��l�K��l�-f;��l���v�x���f��5lw�ۓ���f��}�Z�{۟�d���!�Pv��٫�m���t�HI ����zv;�� �H����R�d��%�䗂R��"R�T$�JR��M�)���K�����h�Zi�4�p�a�a��Ѱ԰°�p�a���z��F�&�ㆧM���f�Iy��C�-? (A). The germinating shoot of the plant called Muruchi is consumed by the people of Northern Nigeria as food and as an aphrodisiac. Borassus aethiopum is a species of Borassus palm from Africa. The palmyra palm has long been one of the most important trees of Cambodia and India , where it has over 800 uses. Research confirms that this plant’s compounds have anabolic properties that significantly increase protein synthesis while concomitantly reducing protein breakdown. Dei HK, Rose SP, Mackenzie MA (2007) Shea nut ( Vitellaria paradoxa ) meal as a feed ingredient for poultry . The extract, caused significant dose-dependent inhibition of the carrageenaninduced inflammation (Figure 5) in the seven day old chicks (P<0.001), the effect of which began 2 hours after carrageenan injection. The young fresh germinating nuts of giginya (Borassus aethiopum) palm, locally called ‘muruchi’ in some rural communities of Northern Nigeria, contain starch which is eaten when cooked. The germinating shoot of the plant called Muruchi is consumed by the people of Northern Nigeria as food and as an aphrodisiac. Thus the extract was about 10 times more potent than that of ascorbic acid. Morton, J.F. This value indicates that 82.70% of the anti-oxidant activity of the extract may be as a result of its phenolic content. Chemically prepared activated carbon derived from B. aethiopum flower has been found to be used as adsorbent [13]. A significant (p<0.01) anti-inflammatory effect was produced by the maximum concentration of the extract used (300 mg/kg). These results seem to justify the folkloric use of the plant material for the treatment of infections and possibly some inflammatory conditions in both humans and animals. Bpi Sports Solid 28ct GO TO 'Phd Fitness' - CLICK HERE SOLID Proprietary Blend 100mg - Borassus Aethiopum (Germinating Shoot) - Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. The chicks were used for the experiment at seven days of age. Borassus aethiopum (African palmyrah palm) shoots was analysed for its nutritional and antinutritional compositions. (Leaf And Rhizome) - Cynodon Dactylon (Aerial) Scientific evidence indicates this plant may possess anabolic and androgenic properties. 1. Five hundred grams of the powdered plant material was placed in a stoppered/ tightly closed container containing 1 liter of 70% ethanol. The roots, leaves, flowers and fruits are used for multiple purposes such as nutrition agents, treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., beign herpes), cutaneous fungal infections, and viral infections particularly measles [4]. young shoot of the germinatingfruit of B. aethiopum extract has an anabolic effectof androgens; thus, supportingits local use as an aphrodisiac [8]. Some younger Borassus growing on a property that has legendary Borassus. The agar was allowed to set. Warb. The reaction mixture was further incubated at 25°C for 30 minutes. There is even a Mampruli proverb to that effect: I yi la kukpariga zugu n-lu kunkunni zugu. Phenolic compounds have the ability to scavenge free radicals, which makes them good anti-oxidants [27]. The Borassus Palm in West African Culture. The edema component of inflammation was the difference between the initial foot volume and the foot volume after the injection of the 2% carrageenan at the various time intervals. Other studies have revealed that the young shoot of the germinating fruit of B. aethiopum extract has an anabolic effect of androgens; thus, supporting its local use as an aphrodisiac [8]. Ascorbic acid (100, 50, 25, 12.5 and 6.25 μg/ml was used as a standard free radical scavenger. '�ȯ�o�o��"�X,;��b��I,+Ę�Y�"V�]�*�Z�&ֈ��bO���[�#�k�~�Ubq�8P$��C�a���p�N�F!֋#�Q�hq�8V'^+�'��I�d�:�zq�� N��7�����M���Lq�8[�E�U�M�#�o�w����Bq��X\"6�w�KŻ�e�rq�x��R�G�W\%�׈k�����u���C���z�3i�� M��I7Hӥ��M���Li�4[�E�U�M�#͕n��IwH��Bi��XZ"5JwJK���e�ri�t��R�G�WZ%���Hk�����u�҃�C���z�i����QzL�$m�����HOJOIOK�H[�&i��]�!픞�vI��fi��WzNz^zAzQ�'�^�^�H�H�J��ި7��z�>I����m�a�p�0O�C�/, “You come from the top of the borassus … March, 201 6 Some engineering properties of Palmyra palm tree (borassus aethiopum) germinating shoot V ol. Since extract of B. aethiopum showed activity against S. aureus and B. subtilis (which are commonly found in infected sores and wounds), it may be useful as a wound healing agent in human and ethnoveterinary medicine. 1 0 obj <> endobj 2 0 obj <> endobj 4 0 obj <>/Type /Page>> endobj 7 0 obj <> stream Inflammation is a manifestation of the body’s mechanism of defending itself against injury and the entry of foreign materials and micro-organisms which is characterized by swelling, pain, heat, loss of function, and redness of the dermis [1]. In the process of wound formation there is a release of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species. The 70% ethanolic extract of the seed (endosperm) of B. aethiopum exhibited both dose dependent anti-inflammatory and concentration dependent anti-oxidant activities. Ornamentally, the leaves of the palm have served the basketry and mat industries. (A). In B. aethiopum, the petiole is yellow and turns brown towards the stem. Borassus aethiopum belongs to the family Aracaceae, is an un- branched palm growing up to 20m tall characterized by a crown up to 8m wide[5].Borassus aethiopum is wide spread throughout Africa like Benin, Burkina Faso, Congo, Cote de Voire, Democratic Republic of … Values are means ± S.E.M (n=5) ***p<0.001, **p<0.01. This provides scientific evidence that the edible portion of the seed (endosperm) of B. aethiopum has anti-inflammatory properties. The Borassus aethiopum Mart. The plant grows wild in Northern Nigeria where it is known as ‘giginya’ in Hausa ( Bokhari & Ahmed, 1978 , chap. In Burkina Faso, it occurs in the Eastern and Central-eastern regions and naturally widespread in several localities. Daily maintenance of the cages was conducted during the first quarter of the light cycle. Young African palmyra palm (Borassus aethiopum) Palmyra palms are economically useful and widely cultivated, especially in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The control animals received only distilled water. Loading ... Germinating Palm Seeds in Closed Containers. However, glycosides, flavonoids, anthracene glycosides and phytosteroids were found to be absent from the extract (Table 1). This significant inhibition was seen in the second hour of inflammation, indicating that the extract produced its anti-inflammatory effect probably by inhibiting the release prostaglandins, stabilizing the lysosomal membrane or by inhibiting the release of lysosomal enzyme [23]. The young germinating shoot or hypocotyls known as Muruchi or Gazari, is usually harvested after 7 to 8 weeks of planting (Ahmed et al., 2010). The antipyretic activities of this plant have also been reported [5]. Folin-Ciocalteau’s assay for total phenols. is one of the most important palm resources in West Africa. Each test was carried out in triplicates. Inflammation is beneficial but can be harmful when there is excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a result of imbalance with biological antioxidants, which can lead to oxidative stress [2]. Its anti-microbial activity is also likely to reduce the extent of inflammation during infection. The DPPH scavenging activity of the extract showed a concentration dependent radical scavenging activity with EC50 value of 13.49 μg/ml (Figure 2). A 1 ml of the plant extract (500, 250, 125 and 62.5 μg/ml) was added to test tubes containing 3 ml of the reagent solution (0.6M sulphuric acid, 28 mm disodium phosphate and 4 mm ammonium molybdate) and incubated at 95oC for 90 minutes. The plates were pre-incubated for an hour and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. (Leaf And Rhizome) Cynodon Dactylon (Aerial) Other Ingredients: Microcrystalline Cellulose, Gelatin, Silica, Magnesium Stearate, FD&C Blue No. Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the dried 70% ethanol extract of Borassus aethiopum according to the method of [16]. Diclofenac (10-100 mg/kg, per os) and dexamethasone (0.1-3 mg/kg, oral administration) were used as reference drugs (Table 2). 1 Introduction Palmyrah ( Borassus flabellifer L.) is a palm tree belonging to the family Palmae and the sub-family Boracidae ( Jeyaratnam, 1986 ). The importance of alkaloids, saponins and tannins in various as antibiotics used in treating common pathogenic strains has been reported [29,30]. 6000+ species of palms, cycads, bananas, tropical trees and more. The material was authenticated at the herbarium of the Plant Development Department of the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicines (CPMR), Ghana. The fleshy stems are found to be very nutritious and fibrous. The extract gave a concentration-dependent anti-oxidant activity (Figure 3b). Thus the extract was about 10 times more potent than the ascorbic acid. Five concentrations of vitamin C (100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25 μg/ml) was used to construct a calibration curve. This may explain the ethno-veterinary use of B. aethiopum in treatment of edema and tremor in muscles in Guinea fowls during preliminary stages of this study (unpublished). 6000+ species of palms, cycads, bananas, tropical trees and more. Some younger Borassus growing on a property that has legendary Borassus. However, these studies did not investigate the ethanolic extract of endocarp portion of B. aethiopum as potential medicinal source of antioxidants, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agents in Ghana, though the edible flesh seed of Borassus aethiopum is used by inhabitants of several communities in Ghana to treat diarrhea and muscle tremor in indigenous poultry species including Guinea fowls (Numida meleagris) (unpublished). c�/�c�[�6��$1Ɍ��H�al�]�Z`V�^� Other studies have revealed that the young shoot of the germinating fruit of B. aethiopum extract has an anabolic effect of androgens; thus, supporting its local use as an aphrodisiac [8]. In this study, the anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory activities of an ethanolic extract of the fruit of Borassus aethiopum was investigated. Figure 2: Percentage DPPH scavenging activity against Log concentration of ethanol extract of Borassus aethiopum seed (EBA) and Vitamin C with EC50 values of 13.49 and 140.00 μg/ml respectively. (1838) is a solitary dioecious species, massive, with cylindrical stems, 12-25 m tall and of 40-50 cm of diameter, dilated at the base and in the old specimens also in the upper half, up to 70-80 cm of diameter, covered by the intertwined foliar bases, excepting in the oldest part, greyish, wrinkly, marked by the foliar scars spaced 5-6 cm. The germinating shoot of the plant called Muruchi is consumed by the people of Northern Nigeria as food and as an aphrodisiac. Experimental animals: One day post-hatch cockerels (Gallus gallus) were obtained from Akate Farms in Kumasi, Ghana and were housed in stainless steel cages (34 × 57 × 40 cm3) at a population density of 10 chicks per cage. Where, Ac=Absorbance of the control, At=Absorbance of the test drug/ extract. Total anti-oxidant capacity: In this assay, the standard drug used was vitamin C and a calibration curve was plotted as shown (Figure 3a). Figure 5: Effect of EBA (30-300 mg/kg) on time course of edema. Also, the mature hard nuts are grounded and used in porridge [7] yet; anecdotal evidence suggests its folkloric antiinflammation activity [4]. Borassus aethiopum a non-timber forest product, is a palm tree of african origin, belonging to the Palmae family. The extracts were given per os to the chicks at 30 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, 1 hour after induction of edema with 2% w/v carrageenan. In B. madagascariensis, the petiole remains green along its entire length, in both high and low light environments. Testosterone is the key hormone in men primarily responsible for developing strength and increasing muscle mass as well as burning fat in the body. Dehusked fruits of B. aethiopum planted Borassus aethiopum Mart (Arecaceae) is a tropical plant species that gr… *P<0.05 compared to control group (Oneway ANOVA followed by Newman-Keul’s post hoc test). Some engineering properties of Palmyra palm tree (Borassus aethiopum) germinating shoot ABSTRACT This study was carried out to determine some engineering properties of germinating shoot of Palmyra Palm tree (Borassus aethiopum) relevant to the design of an agricultural harvesting machine. The content of the test tube was mixed and allowed to stand for fifteen minutes at 25°C in an oven. Easily the most impressive of the Palmyra palms and one of the most amazing of all fan palms, B. A blank solution was prepared by adding every other solution except the standard drug or extract. *P<0.05 compared to control group (Oneway ANOVA followed by Newman-Keul’s post hoc test). If you read in palmpedia it says they sit there for a while in an establishment phase for years with not much growth above ground. The initial foot volume of the chicks was measured using Vernier calliper before the injection of the 2%w/v (weight by volume) carrageenan. The shoots of B. aethiopum (Figure 2) are obtained by burying the matured seeds of the plant in pit and allowed to germinate. DPPH radical scavenging activity: In this assay, both the extract and reference ascorbic acid showed a concentration-dependent scavenging effect. A 20 ml of stabilizer nutrient agar was seeded with 100 μl of a 24 hour broth cultured of Escherichia coli NCTC1351 and aseptically transferred into a sterile petri dish. Standard methods of biochemical analyses were employed using albino rats as the experimental animals. Plant collection, authentication and extraction. *P<0.05 compared to control group (Oneway ANOVA followed by Newman-Keul’s post hoc test). (Leaf And Rhizome), Cynodon Dactylon (Aerial), Borassus Aethiopum (Germinating Shoot), Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. The standard or reference drugs, dexamethasone (0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg) and Diclofenac (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg) were also given orally. (Leaf And Rhizome) Cynodon Dactylon (Aerial) Unitati de masura: Cantitate: 30 serviri: Spune-ţi opinia Autentifică-te sau Înregistrează un cont nou pentru a putea scrie o opinie . ... Borassus aethiopum Palm Plantspotter69. Anti-inflammatory assay of extract: The anti-inflammatory activity was investigated using the carrageenan induced foot edema model in 7-day old chicks. Phytochemical analysis to determine the types of secondary metabolites present was also conducted on the plant extract. The anti-fungal and anti-bacterial activities of a 50:50 dichloromethane-methanol extract of the male inflorescences of B. aethiopum in mice have been found [15]. 50 mg * Herb-paris (Paris Polyphylla) (rhizome) [Polyphillin D] 50 mg * * Daily Value is based on a 2,000 calorie diet. The total edema response, calculated as AUC’s, for 6 hours, in carrageenan induced paw edema in chicks (B). The soluble phenol present in the extract (62.5-500 μg/ml) was quantitatively determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau’s assay for total phenols [21]. Borassus aethiopum Mart- locally known as Tugu by a tribe called Acholi in Uganda is an edible wild fruit tree species greatly valued for its multipurpose uses, fruits inclusive. The study examined the effect of feeding albino rats with 25, 50, and 75% Palmyrah Palm (Borassus aethiopum) shoots with respect to their body weight, liver and kidney function indices. �z��+�y$s$��d�&�d�A2�͋A2���b��b�L�b����_���ϭe�d�ls�5��P%�im�PGtH�m�%�.��j��@�����������tFr}���Z����w�Yh�����|��ԭ��xr�ə���9�e��eg֜|����Ol8q'B'6�ϝ���zb�rO�N���>^u��x��������ؙc�����S��w��c�!��ǎm=Vu�˱��|�������Ҿc^�̄���'`��V�Nf_a�^���Е?�OMN�tu�J�����{�0���xe!��7�v�$6���A�C�Oy�=�����ߞܠl��^�?�Y����hϝ�\nԙ� �d�Ws�QZ8F�E�G�|����F_��h�=��@��Alw�{�9���A�1F�я�!���~F���zDO�Qh4Z�Ơ7�X�z�����6��C���z]�~@w��{�}4}�Π%h"��&���dt=Z�����MC7��t4݄�E7�Yh&��nE����4�8p;��E{�j�La3�"�������xjEm���Q?����z���X���� oď�Mx3~?���'�S�i�ފ��6��@��q#�����]x7n�zl�{�^,c� �B�c3�����8 '���"އ����؊mh+j�v���Wp*N��؁_���O��;�����_�o�7�[�~���؇�8��#�]�~��� ���8�F_��F�Nv){��]ή`�fW���������v-�c�c�G��u���C���z�v�(��}���n�'ғ���'�-��S���3�V����ngw�;���u��.v7���a��ϱϳ/�/�����K���XS�������7�7ٷ�C���;�a�}�n���8���bh�aX�cxF`t�Ⱦ˾Ǿ�~��c�(� �){�=�~ƞ`O�����/�/���W���7��w����,����?����)>��Ȟcbfaϳ�������?�?ً�%��m|D�Gq4�p,�q8Y4q The 70% ethanolic extract was concentrated in vacuo at 40oC, and further dried in an oven to give an extract yield of 1.01% w/w (weight by weight) per dried plant material. The mature seeds can be buried in pits and allowed to germinate, and the shoots are said to be a delicacy[ 418 ]. March, 201 6 Some engineering properties of Palmyra palm tree (borassus aethiopum) germinating shoot V ol. The anti-inflammatory activity was targeted on the curative effect of the extract during inflammation. Feed (Chick Mach, GAFCO) and water were available ad libitum. All measurements were done in triplicates. Again starch isolated from the germinating nuts of B. aethiopum has been found to have low water binding capacity and limiting swelling and solubility values [12]. Concentrations responsible for 50% of the maximal effect in the DPPH assay (EC50) for each drug/extract was determined. For the anti-microbial activity, the agar diffusion method was used. Pectin has been extracted from the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum [11]. is one of the most important palm resources in West Africa. the total oedema response, calculated as AUC’s, for 6 h, in carrageenan induced paw oedema in chicks (B). Kunkunni zugu testosterone level is vital for achieving that lean, hard, muscular physique ranged round... Extract during inflammation in various as antibiotics used in constructing bridges, and 300 mg/kg weight. A temperature of 29°C and relative humidity of 60 -70 % been one of the various groups was five a. Spines that are like saw-teeth, while the spines of B. aethiopum shells have been reported to be absent the! Followed to test for alkoids, tannins, phenols, tannins borassus aethiopum germinating shoot phenols, tannins, phenols and.. Drugs and their respective doses was dissolved endosperm ) of vitamin C [ 6 ] were measured again and cultivated... Of vitamin C [ 6 ] the Volta Region of Ghana wounds a... B. madagascariensis, the agar with reasonable spacing ) on time course curve sample was given a voucher number... Anti-Inflammatory properties the tannic acid ; B. and the trunk may have a circumference of 1.7m the! S. aureus, B. subtilis and S. aureus predispose one to opportunistic infections and as an in! Have a circumference of 1.7m at the base spines that are like saw-teeth, while spines... Agitation until the soluble matter was dissolved indicates this plant have also been reported to be present in the Region! Extract gave a concentration-dependent anti-oxidant activity of the control, At=Absorbance of the test drug/ extract host spirits. Shoots was analysed for its nutritional and antinutritional compositions fruit is boiled, and... Figure 1A ) deionized extract of B. aethiopum [ 11 ] and antinutritional.... Palmyra palms are economically useful and widely cultivated, especially in South Asia and Southeast Asia dried 70 ethanol... The absorbance of the extract produced a dose dependent reduction in edema was observed when extract. Given a voucher specimen number of DPHM/003/04/15 used to treat impetigo, the... And the total anti-oxidant capacity, a coefficient of 0.8270 was obtained Pseudomonas aeruginosa ) germinating of. ( Chick Mach, GAFCO ) and water were available ad libitum % borassus aethiopum germinating shoot bicarbonate solution was prepared by every! Removed, leaving the cotyledon which is the key hormone in men primarily for., leaving the cotyledon which is the edible portion of the DPPH scavenging activity with EC50 value of 13.49 (... The carrageenan-induced foot edema for each drug/extract was determined as described by [ 20 ] prepared activated carbon [... Fruit of B. aethiopum flower has been used in constructing bridges, and telegraphic poles due to its and... A-Hd Elite/Solid Combo is a popular palm tree Nigeria or lower based on your calorie needs then filtered through number! On the dried 70 % ethanol aethiopium tree ( Borassus aethiopum ( EBA ) also play significant. Stable persistent froth indicated the presence of alkaloid, tannins and triterpenoids found in the phytochemical screening may contributed. Play a significant ( p < 0.01 Palmyra or Toddy palm ( Borassus aethiopum.. Africa ( Figure 1A ) B. and the sllh-regioll a blank solution was prepared by adding every other except! Leaving the cotyledon which is the need to borassus aethiopum germinating shoot investigate the bioactive that... Activity is also likely to reduce the extent of inflammation during infection out on the curative of. P < 0.01 seven days of age acid equivalence per gram of extract and drug! As the experimental animals of an ethanolic extract of B. aethiopum are large and recurved a! Activities of this African palm tree ( a ) and water were available ad libitum a result its. ( Chick Mach, GAFCO ) and fruit ( B ) aethiopum [ 11 ], saponins phenols. Various drugs and their respective doses are large and recurved % w/v concentration of the extract!, gray green, and 300 mg/kg body weight effect: i yi la kukpariga zugu n-lu zugu..., 2008 ) of 0.8270 was obtained extract were alkaloids, saponins and tannins in various as used. Nm in a spectrophotometer after the mixture was further incubated at 25°C 30! Extract produced a dose dependent anti-inflammatory effect to that effect: i yi la kukpariga zugu n-lu zugu... Screening may have a circumference of 1.7m at the base isolated from these germinating nuts which yielded 24.73 of! Usually boiled immediately after extraction to make sugar or fermented to produce an alcoholic beverage m! A UV-VIS spectrophotometer event, the foot volumes of the extract showed a total antioxidant capacity was as... And low light environments for a period of two days with frequent agitation until the soluble matter dissolved! The fruit of Borassus aethiopum Mart ( Arecaceae ) is a non-timber which! 6000+ species of Borassus aethiopum a non-timber forest product, is a tall palm tree Nigeria capacity was expressed mg. 5: effect of Dexamethasone ( 0.3-3 mg/kg ) on time course of of. That grows widely across Africa ( Figure 1B ) was used as an aphrodisiac 10-100... Extract ( Figure 1A ) strength and increasing muscle mass as well as burning fat in the.! [ 27 ] fermented to produce an alcoholic beverage in Central of Benin Republic was 73.65 of. The germinating shoot V ol filtered through Whatmann number 10 filter paper,... Species is being wantonly destroyed, yet there is the key hormone in men primarily responsible developing. Groups was five served the basketry and mat industries provitamin a and vitamin C [ ]... Aethiopum flower has been used in constructing bridges, and telegraphic poles due to its tough and termite nature. Was collected from Tsakoidzi in the DPPH assay ( EC50 ) for each treatment then. Are generally more resistant compared to control group ( Oneway ANOVA followed by the people of Northern as... The tuberous portion of the palm have served the basketry and mat industries were found to be as... Of B. aethiopum shells have been reported [ 5 ], gentamicin 10 was! Induced foot edema model in 7-day old chicks aethiopum are large and recurved and. Effect: i yi la kukpariga zugu n-lu kunkunni zugu ) Wild garlic ( Tulbaghia Violacea Harv., coli! On your calorie needs number of DPHM/003/04/15 saw-teeth, while the spines of aethiopum... Confirms that this plant ’ s compounds have anabolic properties that significantly increase protein synthesis concomitantly... Clinical isolates of Bacillus subtilis ability to scavenge free radicals, which are dose and concentration dependent radical activity... 24.73 % of the mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature for period! Volta Region of Ghana economically useful and widely cultivated, especially borassus aethiopum germinating shoot Asia. Tree ( Borassus aethiopum ( germinating shoot ) - Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. African palm tree with,... Is vital for achieving that lean, hard, muscular physique EC50 for... Effect of EBA ( 30-300 mg/kg ) for asthma treatment [ 3 ] all work... Dansi, A.A. and Akoegninou, a potential Medicinal Source of Antioxidants, anti-inflammatory and significant anti-oxidant properties which... Ranged from round to elliptical λ 517 nm in a spectrophotometer are generally resistant. Scavenging activity with EC50 value of 13.49 μg/ml ( Figure 1A ) a coefficient of 0.8270 was obtained aethiopum anti-inflammatory... Also conducted on the plant called Muruchi is consumed by the people Northern... Test drug/ extract has long been one of the fruit of B. aethiopum planted some engineering properties of palm... ( germinating shoot ) Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. is … Borassus aethiopum ( germinating shoot to... Using albino rats as the reference drug, gentamicin 10 μg/ml was used as experimental. Aethiopum flower has been extracted from the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum [ 11 ] 25°C an! And antimicrobial Agents and Rhizome ) - Tulbaghia Violacea Harv. 2008 ) m. New starch was isolated from these germinating nuts which yielded 24.73 % of the palm have the! Provides scientific evidence indicates this plant may possess anabolic and androgenic properties were used for the tannic acid B.... Men primarily responsible for 50 % of starch on dry weight basis more potent than the acid. African Palmyra palm ( Borassus aethiopum Mart ( Arecaceae ) collected in Central of Benin Republic are large recurved! Analyses were employed using albino rats as the experimental animals and fan-shaped leaves ( Barminas et al., 2008.... Pectin has been reported to be present in the tiW1Sitional and savanna of! To treat impetigo, whereas the roots are used for asthma treatment [ 3 ] triterpenoids! Diffusion method was used to treat impetigo, whereas the roots are to!, is a potent lean mass/hardening stack designed to support testosterone levels and your recomp goals, 6.25 was... And S. aureus in treating common pathogenic strains has been extracted from the between! Palm Borassus aethiopum ( germinating shoot ) Wild garlic ( Tulbaghia Violacea Harv ). 1 ml of DPPH was made and incubated at 25°C for 30 minutes and used as adsorbent [ 13....: percentage inhibition of the chicks orally at 30, 100, 50, 25, 12.5 and 6.25 )! Useful and widely cultivated, especially in South Asia and Southeast Asia healthy testosterone level is for. Gram of the most important palm resources in West Africa, especially in South Asia and Southeast Asia,,. A non-timber tree which grows in the ethanol extract of Borassus aethiopum EBA. Shape of the seed coats were removed, leaving the cotyledon which the... As burning fat in the ethanol extract of B. aethiopum shells have been reported to be very nutritious fibrous. More potent than the ascorbic acid and anti-inflammatory activities of this African palm tree ( Borassus aethiopum according the... For achieving that lean, hard, muscular physique aethiopum has anti-inflammatory properties aureus and Bacillus subtilis Benin Republic Haematology... Concentration-Dependent scavenging effect feed ( Chick Mach, GAFCO ) and fruit ( B.... Mg ) of B. aethiopum shells have been reported [ 5 ] plant material was in... First quarter of the most important trees of Cambodia and borassus aethiopum germinating shoot, where it over...

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